Since the production and consumption of hemp and other cannabis products became legal, many people are curious to know about these products and compare their options, including CBD and THC, the natural components of the cannabis plants. In this article, we will explain the differences between CBD vs THC.
What are CBD and THC?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is an extract of hemp or cannabis that comes from a specific plant known as Cannabis Sativa. Legally available CBD contains less than 0.3% THC, and its products come in the form of gels, gummies, oils, supplements, and much more. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the psychoactive compound found in cannabis plants. When consumed, this compound can cause the feeling of “high” in the consumer. It can be consumed by smoking cannabis but is also available in oils, edibles, tinctures, capsules, and much more. Both of these compounds interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system and work with the cannabinoids naturally produced by the body to impact various functions throughout the body. However, both of these compounds have different effects on the body. Let us now learn how these two compounds are different from each other.
CBD vs THC: Chemical Structure
CBD and THC have the same molecular structure. i.e., 21 carbon atoms, 30 hydrogen atoms, and two oxygen atoms. However, how these atoms are placed results in varying effects, these compounds have on the body. Furthermore, CBD and THC are also chemically similar to the endocannabinoids naturally produced by the body. This helps them interact with the Endocannabinoid System (ECS). This interaction affects the release of neurotransmitters in the brain. These neurotransmitters are responsible for transferring signals from the ECS to the cells and impact pain, immune function, stress, sleep, and much more.
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CBD vs THC: The psychoactive components
Although CBD and THC have similar chemical structures, they do not produce the same psychoactive effects. THC binds with CB1 receptors in the brain to induce a “high” in the consumer. On the other hand, CBD alone does not bind with the CB1 receptors and cannot cause any psychoactive effects. Hence, CBD is shown to help reduce depression, anxiety, and seizures. However, when CBD is taken along with THC, it can bind with the CB1 receptors and lessen the psychoactive effects of THC, such as euphoria or sedation.
CBD vs THC: Health benefits
Both CBD and THC have many of the same health benefits and can be used to deal with several of the same conditions. However, since THC causes psychoactive effects on the consumer, people prefer the use of CBD over THC, to reap the health benefits without getting “high”.
Mentioned below are a few conditions that can be treated using CBD
- Chronic pain
- Mental disorders
- Inflammatory bowel disease
Mentioned below are a few conditions that can be treated using THC
- Muscle spasticity
- Low appetite
CBD vs THC: The Legal Aspect
Studies around hemp and cannabis plants have been around for many centuries, however, only over the last decade people have started believing in the health benefits they can provide. For this reason, many states within the USA and several other countries around the world have legalized the production and consumption of CBD products with less than 0.3% THC content. This makes CBD products completely non-intoxicating and offers you the health benefits that you need. Since the legalization of CBD products, many brands have invested in the business and made products that deal with specific conditions in the body. For example, Eddie Hemp offers a wide range of CBD products that can help deal with inflammation, pain, stress, insomnia, and much more.
CBD and THC share many similarities including where they come from, their chemical structures, and health benefits. The main difference between these two compounds is that THC produces psychoactive effects in the consumer and CBD doesn’t. Today, buying CBD products in legal states is as easy as buying any other essential products. Since CBD has not shown any long-term side effects in the consumer, many experts and doctors around the world recommend using CBD products to patients who do not wish to consume traditional pharmaceutical medication.